Especially in the position of a full medical Roman Empire and ancient city of Hierapolis was founded around more than 15 baths thousands of people come, and they regained their health. Today, forming ancient pool AD VII. Earthquakes are occurring in the century. Located next to the colonnaded streets of the civic order agora, having been in ion (i.sıyy) portico of fractures was destroyed in the earthquake that occurred in the pool.

Ancient pool, because the water temperature as well as to have a relaxing effect, is effective in the treatment of many diseases.

The water of the Antique Pool According to research conducted on this topic, heart disease, arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure, rheumatism, skin, eye, rickets, paralysis, nerve and blood vessel disease, it is good to be spasmodic stomach when drinking. This continually reveals the reasons for the establishment of health centers clearly around the Antique Pool from Roman times.

Travertine versatile, due to various reasons and environments is a rock formed by chemical reactions resulting in precipitation. The geological events that occurred Pamukkale thermal source have impacted a wide area. In this region, temperatures are 17 hot water areas ranging from 35-100 C. Pamukkale thermal source is a unit of regional potential. Resources are used since ancient times.

After leaving the thermal springs, 320 m in length and come in here with a channel per travertine, travertine floors are poured into the partial precipitation is 60-70 m long and an average of 240-300 m. way is to fold.

In the 35.6 0C from the source, in a high amount of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide and calcium carbonate deposits flying during contact with oxygen in the air causes the water contained calcium hydrogen carbonate and travertine. The residue is the first stage in gel. Chemical reaction; Ca (HCO 3) + + CO + H2O + CO2 in the form of CaCO O2. In layers and layers of barriers in gullies, calcium carbonate, which precipitates, it is initially a soft gel.


That keeps white travertine in Pamukkale 'white water' to joint pain, in terms of medicine that is good for gynecological diseases have been shown in the region, the iron content is high, '' red water 'in that it is very good for rheumatic diseases, some wounds are known to kapatıg.

Thermal waters from hot to cold, blood circulation is accelerated when hot than cold inlet. Red water, especially for thermal tourism in rheumatic diseases, joint pain very well and has proven that the documents and reports from the Ministry of Health. Both white side by side and you find one of Karahayıt of red water.

Red juice and red travertine precipitation Karahayıt. Here the iron in the water and gives those later painting red travertine. The thermal water in Pamukkale and Karahayit younger than that of the iron amount is less. Therefore, the çökeltiy white travertine. When we look at the chemical class of both water calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate, sulphate classes are. The temperature of the water in Karahayıt, iron, and the amount of solute is higher than the other.


Caldağ water containing calcium oxide is formed from the southern foothills of the majestic white travertine and late Hellenistic and archaeological city of Hierapolis, including the remains of the early Christian period, it is one of the most striking centers reaching from ancient times until today. Denizli, 2 km. Located away from this area is also very famous for its healing waters that are believed to be good for various ailments.

BC ancient city II. Century II king of Pergamum. It was founded by Eumenes, and it is thought that the name of the founder of Pergamum's wife received from Heira Telephos. Metal and stone processing according to ancient sources, the city is famous for its woven fabrics, which served as the capital of the Phrygian period of Constantine the Great, was an episcopal center during the Byzantine period. These properties are located in areas with the UNESCO World Heritage List.